Painting 101

Painting Basics

Painting 101 Oakville BurlingtonHere is some basic terminology that you may find helpful for your first art session:

Medium – This is the method the artist uses for expression. It can be oil paints, water colors, acrylic paints, pastels, pen, sculpture, etc.

Mixed Media – When an artist combines one or more mediums in the same painting.

Acrylic Paint – We use acrylic paint for all of our events. Acrylic paint is easy to work with and dries quickly.

Brushes (Flats, Brights, rounds, etc.) – We supply all brushes for you to create your painting. Your instructor will guide you as to which brushes to use as you go through the steps.

Canvas – All sessions include a stretch canvas to paint on. The size will depend on the painting chosen for that event. You can purchase a frame from your local art supply store to complete the look before your hang your new painting.

Palette – This is the instrument the artist uses to place and mix colors.

Color – Your instructor will give you the colors that are required to re-create the look of the painting for the event.

Primary Colors – These are red, blue and yellow. They are used to create all other colors.

Secondary Colors – These are orange, green, purple.  They are created by mixing the primary colors.

Color Wheel – This is a tool artists use to help them choose colors. This circular diagram usually displays the 3 primary colors, 3 secondary colors and 6 tertiary colors. Some wheels may have many additional intermediate colors.

Complementary Colors – Are the hues which are color opposites and sit directly across each other on the color wheel.

Blend – You will also learn some basic blending techniques to combine colors – both on your palette and on the canvas.

Tone – Describes the brightness or dullness of a color (i.e. – going from white to black on a scale). You can add white to a color to get a ‘tint’ (like adding white to red to get pink) or add black to a color to get a shade (turning red into magenta).

Hue – Is a synonym for color.

Brush Strokes – These are visible in some paintings – where you can follow how the artist applied the paint.

Sketch – Another word for draw.

Composition – The layout of the painting / where elements are placed.

Highlights – Adding white or lighter colors to places where the sun/light would hit the object.

Shadows – The area on the opposite side of where the light hits. Using light and shadow helps make your painting look more 3 dimensional.

Varnish – This is a protective coating that can be added over your painting when you are finished. A varnish can help preserve the paint and protect it from the elements.  They are available at all painting supply stores.

Your Paint With Me instructor will walk you through the procedure step by step – how to sketch, what colours to use, how to blend on your canvas, etc. They will also explain basic terminology and technique as you are painting. This art glossary is simply for your reference and no prior knowledge of art terminology is needed.